MANU NATIONAL PARK
The area extends into the Cuzco and Madre de Dios regions, stretching over 6,626 square miles (1,716,295 hectares). Since 1977, the area has constituted the core of the Manu Biosphere Reserve, declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987. The Park allows for research, education and recreation, as well as contributing to the preservation of archaeological heritage. Its presence contributes to the recognition and protection of cultural diversity.
The area is currently home to 30 Quechua-speaking rural communities, as well as many ethnic groups indigenous to the Amazon, including the Matsiguenka, Amahuaca, Yaminahua, Piro, Amarakaeri, Huashipaire and Nahua.
The area holds over 1,000 species of bird, including the harpy eagle, jabiru, jungle goose, cock-of-the-rock and roseate spoonbill; 200 species of mammal including the common woolly monkey, Peruvian spider monkey, otters, jaguar, margay, spectacled bear, Northern Andean deer and over 100 species of bat. Furthermore, trees can be seen that reach heights of over 147 feet (45 meters) and measure 9 feet (3 meters) in diameter. Typical species are the lupuna or ceiba, cetico, topa, cedar, huaira caspi and matapalo.